Star Light, Star Bright – A Tale of Old Gettysburg is written in the genre of historical fiction, but it features an abundance of facts and information about life in Gettysburg at the time of the American Civil War, July of 1863. It intertwines history, education, classic literature, and original poetry!
History -Although the main characters named are fictional, it is through their eyes the reader is introduced to the following real citizens of 1863 Gettysburg, national icons, military figures, local places, classic literature and much more:
President Abraham Lincoln
First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln
President George Washington
Military People and Places
General George Gordon Meade (General Hooker, General McDowell, General McClellan)- USA
General Reynolds- USA
Company K – The Boys Who Came Home to Fight-USA
General Robert E. Lee- CSA
American Revolutionary War
Pennsylvania and Gettysburg Places
Mason Dixon Line
Hanover and York
Public Buildings and Places– The Diamond, Court House, Prison
Churches -– German Reformed Church, Adams County Courthouse, Presbyterian Church,
Educational Facilities – Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg Lutheran Theological Seminary
Eyster’s Female Seminary Oak Ridge Female Seminary, Public School
Stores - Fahnestock Dry Goods, Valentine Saupee’s Bake House, Plank’s Confectionery shop
Evergreen Cemetery and Gatehouse
Bodies of Water - Susquehanna River, Willoughby Run, Marsh Creek, Rock Creek
Geographic Features -Seminary Ridge, Cemetery Hill, Culp’s Hill. Blue Ridge
Literature of the Day
Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beacher Stowe
Pilgrim’s Progress by Bunyan
Mother Goose Rhymes
Harlie Series by Abbott and Peter Parley Series by Goodrich
The historical fiction book Star Light, Star Bright – A Tale of Old Gettysburg can be enjoyed as a story about a pivotal time in American history. However, it includes a wealth of real people, places, and events that can be further explored. The following pages are filled with enrichment ideas on a wide variety of subjects that are mentioned within the narrative. It begins with generalized activities to be utilized with the book as a whole. The rest of the lengthy document is filled with activities as well as active hyperlinks to quality websites that can be utilized to extend learning and understanding. They are arranged by page number and include creative writing, internet research, intergenerational sharing, art, cooking and many other venues of learning.
Warning! Don’t do all of the following activities. There are just too many!
Incorporated into the story are excerpts from a real textbook of the 1800’s entitled Town’s Third Reader. Although a real copy of that book was utilized in the preparation of SLSB, you can access the book in its entirety at:
This is a link to an eBook of the 1848 edition of the Town’s Third Reader. The actual vintage book that was utilized in the writing of Star Light, Star Bright: A Tale of Old Gettysburg was the 1847 edition. On first glance, they are identical. However, upon further scrutiny, interesting differences can be found. For example, the table of contents is almost identical with the exception of several selections. Unfortunately, the Number 9 entry entitled “Duties” in the volume used was replaced with “Alexander Selkirk’s Soliloquy. “ One must wonder why this change was made! The Preface begins the same, but quickly transitions to different material, denoting that the book is for “the middle class of pupils in our public schools.” There is also a section entitled “Suggestions of the Teacher” which includes “It is recommended that the class be exercised in spelling and defining as many words as possible….” Hopefully this list of suggestions for the teacher will be more interesting!!!!
The following link is to Town’s Third Reader Containing a Selection of Lessons Exclusively from American Authors and is equally interesting but was not used in the writing of SLSB.
Another exceptional website which explores children’s literature of the 1800’s is http://www.merrycoz.org/kids.htm
This can be trusted to show a wealth of magazines, children’s series, and informational books that may have been available to young readers in 1863.
Poetry plays such an important part of the story that several general websites are included:
http://www.poemhunter.com/ - Search for specific poem by title, author, or subject, plus it features a list of the top 500 poemsh
- This features an extensive listing of poetry by occasion.
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/pmglossary1.html - This includes an extensive glossary of types of poetry
http://www.gigglepoetry.com/ - This is definitely the most student-oriented of the group.
http://play.magpogames.com/poem/Kids/kit/ - Play with “magnetic” poetry pieces online! This site is especially for kids; some apparently are not! Beware!
Example -Little Mikayla lost her new cell phone
And didn’t know where to find it
So she called her own number on the phone of another
Then listened for her tone just as she designed it!
Example – This Peter Parley rhyme about geography!
The world is round, and like a ball
Seems swinging in the air,
A sky extends around it all,
And stars are shining there.
Water and land upon the face
Of this round world we see,
The land is man's safe dwelling place,
But ships sail on the sea.
Two mighty continents there are,
And many islands too,
And mountains, hills, and valleys there,
With level plains we view.
Use a Venn Diagram or three column template to compare and contrast life in Gettysburg in 1863 and life today.
Then Both Now
Candles light electricity
Carriages travel cars
Travel horses sport
Paper books ebooks
Dirt streets blacktop
Written notes/spoken communication internet/telephone
Newspaper information television
CSA and USA Nation USA
34 states States 50 states
Obama President Lincoln and Davis
Cannons weapons nuclear
homemade food fastfood, restaurants
Other possibilities include nature, friends, family, fear, war, wound treatment, buildings, education, etc.
Activities by Page Number:
Page 1 - The entire story takes place in the town of Gettysburg in 1863.
http://www.nps.gov/gett/index.htm - This link is to the Gettysburg National Military Park website which includes information about the town, battlefield, and visiting the site.
http://www.gettysburg.travel/ - This site is an excellent source of travel information and upcoming events.
- This links to an original 1863 map of Gettysburg, uniquely designed in the shape of an oval by Theodore Ditterline.
Readers of Star Light, Star Bright - A Tale of Old Gettysburg could certainly enhance their understanding of the story by creating their own maps of the area in the artistic style of their preference. Let History meets the Arts!
Page 2 - Make a wish upon a star! The sky is truly the limit when you are creating a dream.
One thing that has not changed since 1863 is the night time sky. Take a look at the sky tonight and notice the visible constellations.
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/astroskymap/constellation_hunt.htm - This link has basic information and activities on constellations.
http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/const.html - This site has an extensive list of constellations and diagrams.
Page 3 - Practice reading "A Finished Education" using the proper emphasis. Then write your own idea of your perfect finished education.
Page 4 - Rewrite numbers using the terms decades, scores, centuries.
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0902416.html - This timeline of American is broken down into centuries and more! How many score has it been since 1776?
Page 5 - Abraham and Mary Lincoln are truly a study in opposites
http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/fastfacts.html - These are two of many sites on the life and times of Abraham Lincoln.
http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=17- This is a well organized source which includes Mary Todd Lincoln's middle name!
Page 6 - A brief overview of the American Civil War would be extremely helpful
http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/netscape/ This site is described as a site for students by students and has a helpful timeline.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/tl1861.html- This site is the Library of Congress official site on the Civil War.
Page 7 - Discuss possible methods of solving the age-old problem of getting to sleep. Create a graph showing the most popular methods.
Doing a Google search of Counting sheep" images is shows a charming assortment of artwork inspired by that phrase. Create your own artwork! The link follows:
Page 8 – Benjamin Franklin is an amazing individual to study. He can be used in the teaching of many subjects including literature, science, and history!
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/b/benjamin_franklin.html Includes many quotes including “A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one.”
http://bensguide.gpo.gov/benfranklin/ - This includes “Ben’s Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids” as well as a timeline of his life.
Page 11 – Develop a new rhyme, or rap, for remembering how many days are in each month. Or develop a rhyme which helps with the memorization of other important facts such as Presidents of the United States, the 50 States, or math facts. For example, the following rhyme was one used to teach the proper forming of the numeral seven: “Across the sky and down from Heaven; That’s the way you make a seven.” The sky is truly the limit in this activity.
Page 13 – Compare and contrast the American Revolution and the American Civil War.using the sites below.
Page 14 – Read the biblical story of Mary and Martha. Luke 10:38-42 then rewrite it in your own words.
- The following is taken from the New International Version (NIV)
• At the Home of Martha and Mary
• 38 As Jesus and his disciples were on their way, he came to a village where a woman named Martha opened her home to him. 39 She had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet listening to what he said. 40 But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell her to help me!” 41 “Martha, Martha,” the Lord answered, “ - you are worried and upset about many things, 42 but few things are needed—or indeed only one.[a] Mary has chosen what is better, and it will not be taken away from her.”
Page 14 – Create a list of people, places, and things named for Presidents of the United States. (Example – Adams County was named for John Adams, the second President of the USA.)
Page 16 – Write an essay on how the prosperity of a nation is dependent on the education of its citizens.
Page 20 – Listen to popular music of the Civil War era at
http://pdmusic.org/civilwar.html - This site includes an extensive list of Civil War music arranged by subject. Although the sound quality is lacking in some of the songs, this site provides a wealth of information about the songs including stories of the lyricists and words. Notice the song “Children of the Battlefield” is a song written about the children of Amos Humiston of New York who was killed at Gettysburg.
http://pdmusic.org/civilwar2.html - This site includes an extensive list of Civil War music by year. Included are words as well as music! Very easy to navigate!
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/civil-war-music/- The Library of Congress in truly America’s library and provides a wealth of information on a wide array of subjects. Check it out!
Page 22 – After reading “Duties”, write about your duties using poetry or prose.
Page 26 –The prices of food as well as other interesting historical food facts are discussed at: http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodpioneer.html#warprices
Page 29 – Enjoy the aromas of herbs! Invite local gardeners or nursery staff to share herbs that are still grown locally and discuss their present-day uses.
Page 31 –The history of the United States Postal Service is an amazing story! Imagine the trials involved in delivering mail during the Civil War. And did you know there was a Confederate Postal Service? Visit: http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blmailus.htm
Page 32 –Since baking is mentioned many times in this story, the following link from the Lincoln Home Historic Site and includes the recipe for Mrs. Lincoln’s White Cake as well as a wealth of other information :http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/liho/printVersion.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QcNth3Ao1i0 – This is a realistic and charming video of two girls making the Mary Lincoln cake. Amazingly, they are extremely neat!!!
Page 34 – Make list of popular names and their typical nicknames. If you could choose your own name, what would it be and why?
- This Social Security website is wealth of information. In addition to having the most popular names of 2010, it also has the most popular names by state, and by decade dating back to 1880. And guess what the most popular female name of 1880, and of all time?
Page 36 - There is a wealth of maps available to show the Union, Confederate and border states of 1863. Do a Google Image Search for “Civil War states” and decide which map you think does the best job of showing these three areas. (Or copy in the link below.)
Page 38 – Write an essay entitled “How a Listener Is Like A Thief.”
Page 40 – Write a poem about a personal incident in your own life.
Page 41 – Plan a garden. Better yet, plant a garden. It is not as easy as it may sound. There are many website devoted to gardening help. However, this may be an excellent opportunity to use family, friends, and neighbors as resources. After all, they may have experience with the local weather and soil conditions. Make this an intergenerational activity. No computer technology can take the place of actual gardening experience. While you are acquiring information, you may want to ask about canning, freezing, or other preserving techniques. You may even have the opportunity to enjoy some samples of last year’s harvest!
Page 46 –The following Library of Congress site has a timeline on Women’s Suffrage in the United States which mentions first lady Abigail Adams! It also mentions Harriett Beacher Stowe in 1852, as well as rubber condoms in 1859. (Just wanted you to be aware.) http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/nawstime.html
Page 47 – Inspired by “Employment of Winter Evenings by the Young” develop a schedule for learning during your “non-school” hours. Create a template showing the time available and a list of learning possibilities. Then schedule time for each! Some of your learning may be from books, from technology, from practice, etc.
Page 48 - Mary Matilda Mickley would have been elated to see the selection of stationery supplies available today. Compare and contrast the process of writing then and now.
http://www.ringpen.com/history.html - Although this is a commercial site, if shows a brief history of writing instruments. The ringpen that it advertises is actually quite a unique invention.
Page 51 - Having a pet can still be quite an expensive, although very worthwhile, endeavor.
http://www.aspca.org/adoption/pet-care-costs.aspx - It would be very interesting to estimate the annual cost of owning a pet, then compare it with this aspca site.
Write a creative story on what your dog does to earn his keep, For example, barking to announce company might be worth the price of a dog treat.
Page 53 – Were you named for someone? Do a lot of people in your family have the same name or middle name? Do a search for “family tree template kids”, or click on the link below to find a whole forest of family trees!
Page 55 - Children’s literature of the Civil War era was very different than what is available today, but extremely interesting.
http://www.merrycoz.org/kids.htm NINETEENTH-CENTURY AMERICAN CHILDREN & WHAT THEY READ: This website may become your favorite! It is an extensive presentation of children’s literature of the 1800’s, beautifully arranged. Beware, it can be addictive! Many of these old books are available to read online. It would also be interesting to see what interesting “old” books students may find at home, or at the homes of older relatives. Old textbooks previously used within the school district would be a interest as well!
Page 56 – Mary Matilda Mickley had very limited sources of information. Basically, they could see firsthand, hear from others, or read newspapers. Make a list of ways we can acquire information today. What is your favorite technique?
Page 58 – Cupolas are quite popular in Gettysburg architecture. Use a reference source of your choice and find out what exactly a cupola is and why they are built. Then make a collection of photographs of cupolas on local buildings. Or, do an online image search for buildings with cupolas.
Page 60 – General Reynolds was the highest ranking General killed at the Battle of Gettysburg. Who were the top Union Generals and the top Confederate Generals who fought here?
Page 60-What is the meaning of the word “cogitate?” Use it in a sentence, then go cogitate for a while!
Page 62 - Who was Jefferson Davis? Compare and contrast him with Abraham Lincoln.
Page 64- Write a story about a scary experience in your life.
Page 66 – Plan an applebutter-tasting event. There are still several food processing companies in the Gettysburg area that produce apple butter that is sold nationwide.
Page 67 – Read the 23rd Psalm. At the time of the Civil War up through the 1960’s reading scripture from the Bible was included in the daily opening activities of public schools.
Page 68 – Take a walking tour of Gettysburg and notice the bronze plaques that appear beside the doorways of those houses that were here in 1863 during the battle of Gettysburg. Since these houses are privately owned, they may have had many structural changes over the years. However, the walls of these houses actually “witnessed” the battle, as well as many of their occupants.
Page 70 – Free black men in the North joined the Union Army. http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/- This link provides information blacks in the military during the Civil War.
Page 73 – Baking bread without a machine is an art. Have students ask family members if they have any family recipes for bread. This could be another opportunity to incorporate intergenerational learning, and tasting!
Page 74 – General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate Army at Gettysburg. Who was the commander of the Union Army at Gettysburg? Compare and contrast these two generals.
Page 75 - How good of a listener are you? Listen to a song and write down the lyrics. Listen again and see how well you did! Take notes during a social studies class, then compare them with the notes of your classmates. Play a listening game; tell a story to one person, then have them repeat the story to another person, etc. After several people hear the story, see how the story has changed.
Page 77 - The true story of the real Wesley Culp is truly incredible.
http://www.army.mil/gettysburg/profiles/culp.html - This website includes a biographical sketch of Wesley Culp as well as Jennie Wade.
Page 78 – Share with a friend or your class what you believe each of the following quotations mean.
“Learn to be men and women while you are boys and girls.”
“If the vain allurements and trifling amusements of this deceitful world engross your minds, the darkness of ignorance will remain stamped upon your mental powers.”
Page 79 – It’s all about your perspective! Look at the world in a different way. Mary Matilda could see the world only through a small cellar window. Look at your classroom through a paper towel tube. How does this change your view?
Page 81? - What is a dough tray?
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dough%20tray - This site gives a good definition. Dough trays were produced locally and sold as “souvenir” items to visitors and locals alike. You may find one of these in someone’s home being used for storage purposes.
Page 81 – “A cup of water kindly given is treasured in the books of Heaven. Thy well used talent, though but one, may gain the happy words ‘Well done.’” -What does this mean?
Page 82 – Write a poem about Mary Matilda, Martha, and Sadie, the Cellar Sisters of Gettysburg. You may want to set your words to music and perform your song.
Page 83 – Cannons played an important part in the battle of Gettysburg as well as in this story. Take a walk or drive on a battlefield road, or even in the town of Gettysburg, and you will see cannons located where they would have been situated during at least one of the three days of battle in July 1863. If you look closely, and read the information on the following link, you will be able to notice three main types of cannon. A visit to the Gettysburg National Military Park Visitor Center, a NMPS program, reenactment, or UTube video will help explain the way artillery was fired.
http://www.army.mil/gettysburg/weaponry/artillery.html -This US Army site shows and describes the types of cannons here at Gettysburg.
Page 84 - The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere was not included in the Town’s Third Reader because it was not published until 1863. Fortunately it didn't take four score and seven years for poetry to be written about the Civil War.
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/173903 - The Poetry Foundation site features a wealth of poems, including The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.
http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/calendar-activities/paul-revere-began-famous-20214.html - This site has an abundance of resources for this Longfellow poem.
Page 84 – Use the word conflagration in a sentence.
Page 85 - Have the students create a "Recipe for Peace". Introduce this by asking the whole class, "What does it take to make peace?" You can aid their brainstorming by giving a few examples (kindness, understanding, laughter). Have the students create a sign or a poster (using a recipe format of ingredients, procedure, servings) of their "Recipe for Peace".
Page 86 – The anagram referred to in this book really did appear on the front page of a local newspaper in the 1860’s. Create your own anagram puzzles. Begin with making words out of “Confederates.”
Page 87- Deafness is a malady often related to aging, but can also be caused by some noisy jobs. For part of three days in July of 1863, both soldiers and citizens lived with the background noise produced by about 600 cannons. No doubt, many ears suffered at least some temporary damage.
To simulate a partial hearing loss, insert ear plugs. Notice the difficulties you and those with whom you are trying to communicate have during a conversation.
Page 88 – Learning to prioritize can be a survival skill in hard times, and can make good times even better. Make a list of what Mary could have done to help those in need around her. Talk with others to prioritize those activities. Imagine yourself in a position when you would have to leave your home quickly in time of emergency. Prioritize what steps you would take to stay safe.
Page 89 – The American Civil War began in 1861 at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, and continued through 1865, ending at Appomattox, Virginia. Create a timeline showing the significant battles fought between the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia prior to Gettysburg. Investigate further and name the Union and Confederate generals who participated at each.
Page 90 – General George Gordon Meade from Pennsylvania was the newly appointed commander of the Union Army that fought here in 1863. Using reference sources of your choice, investigate this often- overlooked hero of Gettysburg. Some generals went on to become President of the United States, but Meade could never hold that office. Find out why.
Page 91 - Finish this writing prompt – Something I just do not understand is……………….
Page 94 - As readers of history, we know the battle of Gettysburg basically ended after three days of fighting, the town was not shelled, and one citizen died. However, those who lived in 1863 were experiencing events firsthand, relying only on their own predictions what may happen next. Try your hand at predicting what may happen at school tomorrow, at home next week, in your life as an adult, in the world of the future.
Page 96- Information on the Fourth of July is available at the following websites:
http://www1.american.edu/heintze/fourth.htm “The First Celebrations” includes what was happening elsewhere on July 4, 1863, as well as other early observances.
Page 97 – The Mason and Dixon line was actually named for the two men who surveyed it in the 1760’s. Although it was originally
Page 98 - Fairytales were popular in the 1860’s although some parents feel they are too scary for children today. Make a list of fairytales you have read or watched. Discuss whether or not they caused you fear.
Page 99 – Test your sense of smell by collecting an assortment of odorous items. While blindfolded, determine what smell you detect from each source.
Page 100 – “Whether you are working or playing you are patient and kind when you are doing good and trying to please others. But you are fretful and unkind when you are doing things for yourself.” - Talk about what this means.
Page 101 - Churches played a pivotal role in the lives of the citizens of Gettysburg as well as those soldiers wounded during the battle. Walk around Gettysburg or your own town and notice the church buildings. Create a chart showing denomination, style of building, cornerstone date, etc. How are they all similar?
Page 102 - Daguerreotype photography was quite popular in the 1860's. check the following websites to learn more about this technique.
Page 103 – Fahnestock Building is still standing on the corner of Baltimore Street and West Middle Street. Take a walking tour of the town, or take an online tour of the building, including the view from the roof, at the following link:
Page 104 – "Seeing the elephant" was a popular idiom of the time among Civil War soldiers. Learn more about it at the following link.
Make a list of popular idioms today and what they mean.
Page 105 – Lydia Ziegler’s house was actually the main building of the Gettysburg Lutheran Theological Seminary. A modern photograph is available at:
Page 106 - The year was _______ Write a poem about a special year in your life, or in history.
Page 108 – Educational philosophies are constantly changing. Talk about whether or not more learning would take place in a school with only boys or only girls. Describe your favorite school.
Page 109 - A photograph and quotations of Cicero are available at the following websites:
Page 110- Peter Parley was quite the literary sensation in his day. Find more information at the following:
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16891/16891-h/16891-h.htm -The Gutenberg site is the source of a large assortment of vintage books to read online, such as Peter Parley's Tales About America and Australia by: Samuel Griswold Goodrich
Page 111 – Mary found many reasons to like her new school. Make a list of reasons to like your school.
Page 112 - What experiences in your life changed you into a different person.
Page 113 – Mary Todd Lincoln’s Washington D.C. was much different from Mary Matilda Mickley's Gettysburg!
Page 114 – David Wills was a prominent Gettysburg attorney and invited President Lincoln to say a few appropriate remarks at the dedication of the soldiers' cemetery in 1863.
http://www.davidwillshouse.org/- His house on the Diamond is now open to visitors!
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trt031.html - The library of Congress features his invitation to the President to come to Gettysburg.
Page 115 – Train Station is currently open as a visitor information center.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gettysburg_Railroad_Station - This link has basic information and the chart shows just how new the station was at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Page 116 – Imagine being a member of the Peter Thorn family who lived in the Gatehouse of the Evergreen Cemetery. Write a descriptive story telling what it was like to live in such an oddly shaped house; in a cemetery; at the site of a battle; near where President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address. Elizabeth Thorn writes briefly about her experiences, but it would be interesting to write from the point-of-view of one of her children who lived there.
Page 117 – Jefferson Davis was the first and only president of the Confederate States of America. Indeed it is difficult for us to imagine our country, the United States of America, being divided into two countries. The following link gives an illustrated biography of the life of the president of the Confederacy. http://americancivilwar.com/south/jeffdavi.html
Page 118 – Imagine hosting our current President of the United States in your home. Write about what that experience would be like for you and your family. Don’t forget the Secret Service agents!
Page 118 - Learn more about the art form of silhouettes.
http://www.silhouette-man.com/History.html - This provides information on the history of silhouettes, which were especially popular during the mid 1800’s
http://www.google.com/search?q=silhouette+art&hl=en&qscrl=1&nord=1&rlz=1T4ADRA_enUS401US401&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=hBNdT6OvB4at0AHr7MXDDw&sqi=2&ved=0CEkQsAQ&biw=1505&bih=637 – This link is to a variety of silhouettes including people, trees, scenes, etc.
http://www.artistshelpingchildren.org/kidscraftsactivitiesblog/2010/04/make-silhouette-self-portraits-for-mom-or-dad-gift-craft/ - This link has instructions on making silhouettes, and is also the source of many other art projects. You may want to turn down the sound on your computer so you don’t hear the advertisements in the background.
Page 119 – Gettysburg continues to be the destination of over 2 million visitors each year. Now we are well-supplied with accommodations and restaurants. Imagine being with Mary in 1863 and develop a plan to take care of the needs of visitors to the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery. Or perhaps you would rather look into the future and develop a plan to accommodate the growing number of visitors to Gettysburg. How would you solve the problem of traffic? How would you protect the historic areas of the town and surrounding battlefields?
Page 120 – The Discontented Pendulum is included in “Exercise IV – Circumflex” of the Town’s Third Reader, page 41. In addition to the selections listed in Part Two of that textbook, there are also reading selections within the Exercises of Part 1.
This is again the link to the Town’s Third Reader. The Discontented Pendulum is located on page 41.
Page 121- Use the ticking of a clock to inspire an original poem.
http://www.nawcc.org/index.php/just-for-kids - This is a link to the National Watch and Clock Museum in Columbia, PA. The website includes such fact as “A 'jiffy' is an actual unit of time for 1/100th of a second.” Who knew?!?
Page 122 – The date of November 19 is examined on each of the following links:
Students may want to use these websites to find more information about the date they were born.
Page 124 – General George Gordon Meade seems to be the forgotten hero of the Battle of Gettysburg.
http://www.gettysburg.stonesentinels.com/Individuals/Meade.php - This website features photographs and information about the scores of monuments on the battlefield at Gettysburg, including an equestrian statue of General Meade.
http://www.gettysburgdaily.com/?p=1490 – Likewise, this website gives extensive information about Gettysburg and the battle, and on a daily basis. It is also very well archived for further research.
Page 125 - http://july1863.homestead.com/jenniewade.html - This site even includes information and even a song about Jennie Wade.
http://books.google.com/books?id=tmQUAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false – This link is to a book written by Elsie Singmaster in 1913, the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. The title of her book is Gettysburg: Stories of the Red Harvest and Aftermath.